Accepted EC (N=69) Did not accept EC (N=31) Difference
Women N (%) 26 (38) 17 (55) NS
Age in years (SD) 41.8±11.6 39±9.2 NS
Cigarettes per-day 13.6±6.7 14.2±8.3 NS
Smoking within 30 mins of waking up N (%) 44 (64) 18 (58) NS
Married/living with spouse N (%) 35 (51) 15 (48) NS
Secondary education and above N (%) 50 (72) 22 (71) NS
Opted for NRT N (%) 23 (33) 14 (45) NS
Opted for varenicline N (%) 20 (29) 17 (55) Χ2=6.13, p=0.01
Opted for EC only N (%) * 26 (38)    
* 26 smokers accepting EC decided to wait to see whether they need NRT later as well; none did
Table 1: Baseline characteristics.