Repeated gambling N Mean (SD) Pa
STAI Absence 27 43.07 (11.77) 0.004
Presence 31 51.80 (10.21)  
GSES Absence 27 10.26 ( 3.53) <0.001
Presence 31   6.42 ( 3.79)  
ECSA   (inhibitory control) Absence 27 32.33 ( 4.82) 0.001
Presence 31 27.74 ( 4.89)  
ECSA  (activation control) Absence 27 34.96 ( 7.43) 0.004
Presence 31 28.94 ( 8.04)  
Duration of gambling  (years) Absence 27 26.59 ( 7.75) 0.005
Presence 31 19.16 (11.25)  
Age  (years) Absence 27 50.55 ( 9.70) 0.001
Presence 31 40.90 (11.60)  
    N Median (range) Pb
ECSA   (attentional control) Absence 27 32 (2-48) 0.024
Presence 31 28 (1-43)  
Number of months of  participation in GA Absence 27 33 (1-138) 0.839
Presence 31 32 (1-121)  
Debt (ten thousand yen) Absence 27 400 (0-6000) 0.574
Presence 31 400 (0-1300)  
Table 2: Factors associated with the presence or absence of repeated gambling –univariate analysis. a: t-test, b: Mann-Whitney U-test