Characteristics   HIV serostatus Total No. (%) P-value
    HIV positive (%) HIV negative (%)    
    P. aeruginosaPositive P. aeruginosa
Negative
P. aeruginosaPositive P. aeruginosaNegative    
P. aeruginosa isolates   64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 312 (100) 0.004
Nature of diarrhea Watery 31 (15.8) 58 (29.1) 10 (8.8) 35 (31) 134 (42.9) 0.514
  Bloody 21 (10.6) 35 (17.6) 8 (7.1) 31 (27.4) 95 (30.4)
  Mucoid 12 (6) 42 (21.1) 10 (8.8) 19 (16.8) 83 (26.6)
  Total 64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 312 (100)
Weight loss Yes 61 (30.7) 119 (59.8) 12 (10.6) 27 (23.9) 219 (70.20 0.0001
  No 3 (1.5) 16 (8) 16 (14.2) 58 (51.3) 93 (29.8)
  Total 64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 12 (100)
Abdominal cramp Yes 25 (12.6) 35 (17.6) 12 (10.6) 26 (23) 98 (31.4) 0.218
  No 39 (4.5) 100 (50.3) 16 (14.2) 59 (52.2) 214 (68.6)
  Total 64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 312 (100)
Tennesmus Yes 15 (7.5) 18 (9) 8 (7.1) 16 (14.2) 57 (18.3) 0.045
  No 49 (24.6) 117 (58.8) 20 (17.7) 69 (61.1) 255 (81.7)
  Total 64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 312 (100)
Previous episode Yes 10 (5) 11(5.5) 5 (4.4) 13 (11.5) 39 (12.5) 0.007
  No 54 (27.1) 124 (62.3) 23 (20.4) 72 (63.7) 273 (87.5)
  Total 64 (32.2) 135 (67.8) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 312 (100)
Herpes zoster   47 (29.2) 114 (70.8) 26 (68.4) 12 (31.6) 199 (100) 0.001
Compared means (student t test; independent samples test) was used at P values less than 0.05
Table 2: Clinical symptoms and diarrhea status in association with that of P. aeruginosa isolates in HIV seropositive and negative diarrhoea patients, University of Gondar Hospital, 2003/4.