Attributes Husbands (234) n (%)a Wives (234) n (%) P
Mean age in year (sd; median)
Minimum & Maximum (age in year)
38 (±7; 38)
21 - 62
31 (± 6; 30)
20 - 48
<0.001
Never attended school
<Primary education (IVth standard)
≥Primary & <secondary (Xth standard) education
≥ Secondary education
37 (16)
42 (18)
130 (55)
25 (11)
49 (21)
28 (12)
135 (58)
22 (9)
0.19
Physical abuse by husband (reported by wife) - 80 (34) NA
Ever had sex under the influence of alcohol (in marriage) 78 (33) 90 (38) 0.28
Did not have  sex with a partner other than spouse in lifetime 1 (0.4%) 230 (98%) <0.001
Had procured sex within the last one year 6 (3%) 0 NA
Reasons for undergoing HIV test
- As wife was pregnant
- As respondent was pregnant
- As spouse was detected HIV positive
- During blood donation
- Advised by physician for physical illness
 
1 (0.4)
-
37 (16)
5 (2)
191 (82)

  -
26 (11)
188 (80)
-
20 (9)

NA
On ART 174 (74) 65 (28) <0.001
HIV Viral Load (copies/ml) during present assessment
>100000
>50000 & ≤100000
>10000 & ≤50000
≤10000
Undetectable
HIV  sero-nonreactive
 
21 (9)
10 (4)
18 (8)
63 (27)
122 (52)
-

  20 (9)
10 (4)
32 (14)
44 (19)
59 (25)
69 (29)
0.001
Genital ulcer (ever after marriage) 69 (29) 48 (20) 0.03
Discharge of pus with urine (ever after marriage) 86 (37) 94 (40) 0.5
Warty growth around genitalia/anus  (ever after marriage) 110 (47) 104 (44) 0.64
TPHA + RPR (Sero-reactive) 0 1 (0.4) NA
TPHA sero-reactive 25 (11) 17 (7) 0.25
HSV-2 sero-reactive 126 (54) 111 (47) 0.19
a= column percentage, NA= Not applicable
Table 1: Socio-demographic profile, self-reported sexual practices and STIs in married couples.
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