HIV positive
(n= 21)
HIV negative
(n=25)
p value
Mean age years (95% CI) 28.2 (24.91, 31.49) 30.4 (28.15, 32.72) 0.247
Mean week gestation (95% CI) 25.9 (22.78, 29.03) 19.9 (18.52, 21.29) 0.001
Ethnicity      
  Non- Hispanic 10 (47%) 19 (76%) 0.259
  Hispanic 5 (23%) 4 (16%)  
  Unknown 6 (29%) 2 (8%)  
Race      
  Not White 8 (38%) 0 <.001
  White 7 (33%) 23 (88%)  
  Unknown 6 (29%) 2 (8%)  
Parity      
  Nulliparous 6(29%) 23(88%) <.001
 Multiparous 7(33%) 1(4%)  
  Unknown 8 (38%) 1(4%)  
HAART      
  Yes 21 (100%)    
HIV plasma RNA      
<50 copies/mL 14 (67%)    
≥50 copies/mL 6 (29%)    
  Unknown 1 (4%)    
Mean Log10 Viral Load if not suppressed (95% CI) 2.87 (1.86, 3.89)    
Mean CD4 cells/mm3 (95% CI) 609 (490, 728)    
Table 1: Entry Demographic and HIV Disease Characteristics.
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