Overall N=339 n (%) Female N=223 n (%) Male N=116 n(%)   p-value
Total no of diagnosed OIs 96 72 24 ----
Number patients with single OIs 55 (16.2) 36 (16.1) 19 (16.4) 0.96
Number patients with dual OIs 20 (5.9) 15 (6.7) 5 (4.3) 0.37
Number of patients with triple OIs 1 (0.3) 1(0.4) 0 (0.0) ----
Overall prevalence of OIs 76 (22.4) 52 (23.3) 24 (20.7) 0.58
Bacterial pneumonia 3 (0.9) 3 0 ----
Candidiasis† 29 (8.6) 24 5 0.04
Chronic diarrhea‡ 5 (1.5) 5 0 ---
Cryptococcal meningitis 2 (0.6) 0 2 ---
Dermatitis 19 (5.6) 16 (7.2) 3 (2.6) 0.08
Genital herpes simplex 2 (0.6) 2 0 ---
Genital warts 2 (0.6) 2 0 ---
Herpes Zoster 2 (0.6) 2 0 ---
Kaposi’s sarcoma 1 (0.3) 0 1 ---
Sepsis 5 (1.5) 5 0 ---
Tuberculosis# 26 (7.7) 13 (5.8) 13 (11.2) 0.08
†Out of the 29 cases, 12 were oral, 10 genital (all women) and 7 oral + genital candidiasis (all women); excluding the women with genital candidiasis, there was no significant gender difference in oral candidiasis (p=0.45).
‡ Isolates were Cryptosporidium parvum [3] and Giardia intestinalis [2].
# This comprised of pulmonary TB [11], extra-pulmonary TB [6] and disseminated TB [9]
OIs= opportunistic infections
Table 2: Prevalence/frequency of opportunistic infections.
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