Reference Country Induction Regimen Prevalence Causes
Jarvis [20] Cape Town, South Africa Amphotericin + fluconazole 12.7% of 300 CM Not taking fluconazole (79%)
Espie [41] Cambodia Amphotericin 13.7% of 750 CM 14.1% overall not prescribed secondary prophylaxis
Jongwutiwes [4] Thailand Amphotericin  24.4% of 127 CM No ART: 32% relapsed. With ART: 13.5% relapsed.
Boulware [28] Uganda Amphotericin 5% of 101 CM Resistance (40%)
Unknown (60%)
Bicanic [14] Cape Town, South Africa Fluconazole 400mg 21 episodes 67% reduced fluconazole susceptibility
Sachdeva [3] India Amphotericin 10% of 91 CM Not taking fluconazole (44%), No ART (11%), Unknown (44%)
Pitisuttithum [42] Thailand Amphotericin 7.5% of 106 N/A
McCarthy [13] Gauteng Prov., South Africa Fluconazole primarily 9.5% of 2753 N/A
Table 3: Prevalence of relapse.
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