Author Year Number reported Outcome reported Non pharmacological treatment (%) Pharmacological treatment (specified if available) % full recovery (with known outcome) Other notes
          Phentolamine (%) Nitroglycerin (%) Terbutaline (%) Other    
Blume Odon 2010 134 123 94(76) 27 (33) 17(13) Nil Nil 100  
Mrvos 2002 28 26 20(77) 1(4) 5(19) 2(8) Nil 100  
Muck 2010 365 127 98(77) 9(7) 21(16) 1(1) Nil 100  
Simons (two components) 2010 15190 4101 NA(71%) 29% with any treatment (no specific treatment data) 100%  
  2010 105 105 NA NA NA NA NA 99% Note 2 cases of degloving requiring amputation
Cumulative case reports 1999-2013 47 47 6(13) 18(38) 19(40) 3(6) 6(13) 99% 1 case of persisting sensory loss
Table 1: Comparison of retrospective studies (and comparison with combined case report data)