Variable

Pre-Intervention (Rest)

Pre-Intervention (Exercise)

 

Heart Rate (bpm)

77.3 ± 14.6

108.3 ± 15.4

<0.001

LV Stroke Volume (ml)

61.0 ± 18.7

77.8 ± 19.9

<0.001

Cardiac Output (l/min)

4.68 ± 1.32

8.05 ± 2.17

<0.001

LV EF (%)

57.5 ± 9.7

62.9 ± 9.4

<0.001

LV EDV (ml)

106.2 ± 34.5

126.8 ± 34.3

<0.001

LV Myocardial Mass (g)

125.7 ± 32.2

-----

 

RV SV  (ml)

60.2 ± 12.3

81.3 ± 16.6

<0.001

RV EDV (ml)

146.8 ± 34.5

178.6 ± 38.1

<0.001

RV EF (%)

40.7 ± 5.2

45.1 ± 6.1

<0.001

RV Myocardial Mass (g)

68.8 ± 11.6

-----

 

LV, left ventricle; RV, right ventricle; EF, ejection fraction; EDV, end diastolic volume
Table 2: Computed Tomography Results at Study Entry in 42 Men with COPD.