1. Have you ever felt you needed to cut down on use of your PED?
2. Have people annoyed you by criticizing your use of PED?
3. Have you felt guilty about your overuse of your PEDE at work?
4. Do you reach for your PED first thing in the morning?
PED: Personal Electronic Device includes Smartphone, Tablet, and Mini-computer
Table 1: University of Rochester Modified CAGE Questions.