Sociodemographic and explanatory variables Swedes n=181 Assyrians/Syrians n=173 Test of differences P-value
Total percent of study population by ethnicity 51.1 48.9  
       
Sex      
Women 44.2 48.5 0.411
Men 55.8 51.5  
       
Age in years      
32-59 32.6 46.5 0.026
60-69 32.6 27.3  
≥70 34.8 26.2  
       
Anthropometry      
Weight in kg 87 (19.1) 82 (17.5) 0.012
Height in cm 170 (9.6) 162 (9.9) 0.000
Mean BMI (standard deviation) 30 (6.0) 33 (20.2) 0.059
BMI groups      
 Normal (<25) 15.0 11.8 0.017
 Overweight (25.0 – 29.9) 42.5 30.6  
 Obese (≥30) 42.5 57.6  
       
Abdominal obesity 106.3 (13.8) 106.1 (12.1) 0.877
Female(>88 cm) 90.0 95.2 0.205
Male (>102 cm) 59.4 54.0 0.447
       
Total weekly physical activity (hours)      
Summer     0.700
≤2 25.8 26.2  
3-5 67.4 69.2  
≥6 6.8 4.6  
Winter     0.001
≤2 41.0 60.5  
3-5 54.5 37.8  
≥6 4.5 1.7  
       
Alcohol consumption     0.000
High 3.9 3.7  
Moderate 79.1 43.3  
Never 17.0 53.0  
       
Smoking      
Daily smoker 18.3 16.9 0.717
Table 1: Distribution of background variables in percent and anthropometric variables by means and standard deviations in Assyrians/Syrians and Swedish patients with type 2 diabetes, n=354.