Variable Model 1 (HbA1c) Model 2 (triglycerides) Model 3 (cholesterol) Model 4 (hypertension)
Ethnicity
Assyrians/Syrians (reference) 1 1 1  
Swedes 1.05 (0.61-1.80) 3.74 (2.00-7.20) 1.32 (0.73-2.42) 2.95 (1.61-5.41)
Age groups (years)
32-59 (reference) 1 1 1 1
60-69 0.52 (0.29-0.94) 1.23 (0.70-2.40) 1.13 (0.61-2.11) 1.25 (0.70-2.30)
≥70 0.54 (0.29-1.01) 0.94 (0.45-2.00) 1.70 (0.83-3.46) 3.10 (1.50-6.50)
Sex
Men (reference) 1 1 1 1
Women 1.14 (0.68-1.50) 1.20 (0.70-2.20) 1.64 (0.92-2.91) 1.05 (0.60-1.90)
BMI
<25 (reference) 1 1 1 1
25.0 – 29.9 0.80 (0.35-1.66) 1.92 (0.80-4.84) 2.01 (0.88-4.61) 0.90 (0.40-2.04)
≥ 30 0.97 (0.44-2.11) 1.64 (0.70-4.10) 1.93 (0.85-4.42) 1.41 (0.60-3.31)
Total weekly physical activity in winter (hours/week)
≤ 2 (reference) 1 1 1 1
3-5 0.66 (0.40-.10) 0.60 (0.32-1.02) 1.30 (0.75-2.30) 1.12 (0.64-2.00)
≥6 0.30 (0.10-1.71) 0.30 (0.04-1.70) 1.23 (0.24-6.30) 1.73 (0.30-10.80)
Alcohol consumption        
Never (reference) 1 1 1 1
High+Moderate 0.82 (0.46-1.48) 0.70 (0.33-1.31) 0.95 (0.50-1.80) 1.02 (0.54-1.91)
Smoking
Nonsmoker (reference) 1 1 1 1
Daily smoker 0.71 (0.40-1.40) 0.60 (0.30-1.22) 0.97 (0.48-1.94) 0.75 (0.40-1.52)
Table 5: The odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%) of elevated HbA1c (Model 1), elevated triglycerides (Model 2), elevated total cholesterol (Model 3) and hypertension (Model 4) in Swedes and Assyrians/Syrians with type 2 diabetes as the reference group after adjusting for all explanatory variables.