Variables of interest O.R (95% CI) P- value
Men vs. Women 2.02
(1.3 to 3.3)
  0.005*
 DM duration ≥3years vs. <3 years 2.2
(1.4 to 3.5)
  < 0.001
Total obesity
 yes vs. no
1.3
(1.04 to 1.6)
  0.027*
Ageing
 ≥ 60 years vs. < 60 years
6.7
(4.01 to 11.03)
  < 0.001
Smoking
Yes vs. no
2.2
(1.2 to 4.2)
  0.024*
 SES
High  vs.  Low
1.3
(1.04 to 1.6)
  0.024
Table 2: Univariate risk factors of cataract.