Characteristics

N

(%)

Total

 

12,082

100.0

Gender

Male

5,351

44.3

 

Female

6,731

55.7

Age

20-34

2,692

22.3

(years old)

35-49

4,203

34.8

 

50-64

3,034

25.1

 

65-74

1,641

13.6

 

75+

512

4.2

Number of concurrent chronic diseases*

0

9,215

76.3

1

1,938

16.0

2

809

6.7

3+

120

1.0

Chronic diseases†

No

9,215

76.3

Hypertension

1,205

10.0

Diabetes

215

1.8

Osteoarthritis

65

0.5

Asthma

453

3.7

Two or more conditions w/o diabetes

527

4.4

Two or more conditions with diabetes

402

3.3

BMI (kg/m2)‡

<18.5

589

4.9

18.5 to <23

5,490

45.4

23 to <25

2,982

24.7

 

≥25

3,021

25.0

Smoking

None-smoker

7,618

63.1

 

Ex-smoker

1,761

14.6

 

Current-smoker

2,703

22.4

Marital status

Married

9,059

75.0

 

Separated/widowed/divorced

1,230

10.2

 

Single

1,793

14.8

Education

Elementary school

2,579

21.3

 

Middle school

1,361

11.3

 

High school

4,628

38.3

 

College or more

3,514

29.1

Economic activity

No

4,666

38.6

 

Yes

7,416

61.4

Household income
(average per year)§
 

Low (<US$11,110)

3,042

25.2

Middle 1 (US$11,110-17,600)

2,978

24.7

Middle 2 (US$17,600-26,100)

3,047

25.2

High (≥26,100)

3,015

25.0

*Number of concurrent chronic diseases diagnosed among four diseases (hypertension,
diabetes, asthma and osteoarthritis)
†Chronic conditions were defined as mutually exclusive diseases.
‡Weight (kilograms) divided by the square of height (meters)
§Strata were divided on a quartile basis. Average household income per year is
US $20,300.
BMI = Body Mass Index
Table 1: Subjects characteristics.