Variables   Diabetic patients     Sig.
    without foot ulcer with foot ulcer  
    No % No. %  
sex of the client Male 109 59.2 20 62.5 0.443
  Female 75 40.8 12 37.5  
Residence Urban 140 76.1 15 46.9 0.001
  Rural 44 23.9 17 53.1  
Educational status No education 24 13% 8 25 0.121
  Primary education 51 27.7 4 12.5  
  2ry education 66 35.9 14 43.8  
  Above 2ry  education 43 23.4 6 18.8  
Marital status Single 17 9.2 4 12.5 0.097
  Married 148 80.4 20 62.5  
  Widowed 13 7.1 6 18.8  
  Divorced 6 3.3 2 6.2  
Age intervals 18-27 9 4.9 0 0 0.038
  28-37 24 13 0 0  
  38-47 35 19 5 18.6  
  48-57 66 35.9 16 50  
  58-67 29 12.5 6 18.8  
  68-77 27 14.7 5 15.6  
Occupation Employee 65 35.3 3 9.4 0.002
  Farmer 34 18.5 14 43.8  
  Merchant 37 20.1 10 31.2  
  House wife 27 14.7 5 15.6  
  Daily lobar 5 2.7 0 -  
  Others 16 8.7 0 -  
Type of Co-morbidity Hypertension 51 44.35 5 4.35 0.003
  Kidney disease 12 10.4 7 6.1  
  Neuropathy 14 12.2 9 7.8  
  Hypertension & KD 7 6.1 6 5.2  
  Others 2 1.7 2 1.7  
  Total 86 74.8 29 25.2  
Dm knowledge Good knowledge 85 85.85 14 14.15 0.81
  Poor knowledge 96 84.21 18 15.79  
Attitude Favorable 88 91.67 8 8.33 0.02
  Unfavorable 96 80 24 20  
Dm self care practice Good self care 107 89.9 12 11.1 0.54
  Poor self care 77 79.38 20 20.62  
Body Mass Index (BMI) 16-24.5 72 94.73 4 5.67 0.003
  24.5-29.9 108 81.81 24 18.19  
    4 50 4 50  
Systolic blood pressure <140 162 88.52 21 11.48 0.01
  >,=140 22 66.67 11 33.33  
Diastolic BP <90 156 89.14 19 10.86 0.024
  >=90 28 68.29 13 31.67  
Duration of DM < 10 years 154 90.96 12 9.04 0.001
  >,= 10 years 30 60 20 40  
Foot skin texture Smooth and moist 135 84.9 14 15.1 0.005
  Dry and /or cracked 49 73.13 18 26.87  
Sensory loss to vibration Absent 129 91.48 12 8.52 0.001
  Present 55 73.33 20 26.67  
Use of ill fitting shoes Absent 52 98.11 1 1.89 0.015
  Present 132 80.89 31 19.02  
Callus of the feet Absent 115 78.76 31 21.24 0.004
  Present 69 98.57 1 1.43  
Mean FBS in mg/dl 131.62 ± 32.08     177 ± 35.45   0.035
**Employed “those peoples working as professional in either in governmental or nongovernmental organizations”
Table 1: Demographic variables among diabetic patients with and without foot ulcer, Arbaminch, south Ethiopia April 2013.