MicroRNA Cardiovascular function
miR-1 Involved in cardiac arrhythmogenesis [41,42].
miR-132 Regulation of cardiac hypertrophy, as well as roles in cardiomyocyte autophagy [43].
miR-133 Involved in cardiac hypertrophy and hyperplasia, with regulation of myocardial matrix remodelling, as well as contributions to QT interval prolongation in the diabetic heart [44,45].
miR-206 Involved in cardiac apoptosis during myocardial infarction, as well as a role in cardiac remodelling after a cardiac event [46-48].
miR-208 Upregulated in a myocardial infarction [49,50].
miR-499 Associated with cardiac cell differentiation [51,52].
Table 1: Various cardiac specific microRNAs and their roles in the cardiac system