Hypocaloric (weight loss) diet:  250 - 1000 kcal/day deficit
• Target: decrease weight by 5% to 10% for overweight/obesity, 15% for class 3 obesity
• Target: decrease BMI by 2 to 3 units
Carbohydrates (preferably low-glycemic index):  45% to 65% daily energy intake and not less than 130 g/day in patients on low calorie diet
Protein:  15% to 20% daily energy intake
Dietary fat:  <30% daily energy intake
Saturated fat:  <7% daily energy intake
Cholesterol:  <200 mg/day 
Fiber:  25-50 g/day
Transfats:  minimize or eliminate
BMI: Body Mass Index.
Consistent with guidelines from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA)
Table 5: General Nutritional Guidelines for Healthy Eating (Principal Nutrients).