Parameter Normoglycaemia (n= 55) Dysglycaemia (n= 22) P1
Age (y) † 30.3 ± 4.2 33.9 ± 3.9 0.001
No. of Pregnancies 2.7 (1.3) 2.0(1.4) 0.025
No. GDM Pregnancies † 1.00 (0) 1(1) 0.066
Parity 2.4 (1) 1.97(1.2) 0.028
GDM identified (month of pregnancy)† 6.0 ( 2) 4.5(3) 0.277
Baby birth weight (kg) 3.1±0.38 3.3±0.43 0.022
Weight (kg) 63.6± 11.8 68.9±12.2 0.083
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9±4.6 27.8±4.5 0.108
WC (cm) 81.9±1.2 86.5±1.7 0.037
WHR 0.80±0.05 0.83±0.05 0.037
Body Fat % 38.2±5.6 39.0±4.7 0.592
Trunk fat % 36.6±6.9 38.8±5.7 0.213
FBS (mmol/L) † 4.6 ± 0.41 5.2±0.52 0.0001
2HPP (mmol/L) 5.87±1.1 8.1±1.4 <.0001
TG (mmol/L) † 0.72 ( 0.26) 1.3(1.02) 0.005
TC (mmol/L) 5.2(0.79) 5.1 (0.95) 0.794
HDL_C (mmol/L) † 1.4 (0.22) 1.2 (0.67) 0.146
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.3±0.76 3.3±0.88 0.832
TC/HDL † 3.7 ±  1.11 4.24 ± 1.02 0.082
HDL/LDL † 0.48 ( 0.2) 0.36 (0.2) 0.133
Systolic BP (mmHg) † 117 ± 14.7 123.8  ± 16.1 0.077
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 66.2±11.6 70.1±11.8 0.120
hsCRP(mg/L) 2.0±2.38 1.24±2.48 0.844
Abbreviations: GDM: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; BMI: Body mass Index; WC: Waist Circumference; HC: Hip circumference; WHR- waist Hip ratio; FBS: Fasting blood sugar; 2HPP: 2 hour post prandial blood glucose on OGTT test; TG: Triglyceride; TC: Total cholesterol; BP: Blood pressure;
P1-comparing values across normal and abnormal glucose tolerance (IFG, IGT, and IFG+IGT),values are presented as mean ± SD, †- if not normally distributed, data presented as median (Interquartile Range (IQR))
Table 3: Demographics and Metabolic Parameters of Subjects Post-GDM with Normoglycaemia and Dysglycaemia.