Predictors and confounders Women
Model 1 Unadjusted OR(95%CI) Model 2 Adjusted OR(95%CI)
Milk or curd    
  Daily 1.17(0.96-1.44) 1.06(0.85-1.33)
  Weekly 0.88(0.68-1.12) 0.94(0.73-1.23)
  Occasionally 0.88(0.71-1.09) 0.99(0.79-1.24)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Pulses and beans    
  Daily 0.43(0.27-0.67) 0.51(0.32-0.81)
  Weekly 0.41(0.26-0.65) 0.51(0.32-0.81)
  Occasionally 0.57(0.36-0.92) 0.68(0.42-1.10)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Green leafy vegetables    
  Daily 0.80(0.64-1.01) 0.96(0.75-1.23)
  Weekly 0.76(0.60-0.97) 1.03(0.80-1.33)
  Never/Occasionally 1.00 1.00
Fruits    
  Daily 0.93(0.70-1.24) 0.44(0.32-0.61)
  Weekly 0.59(0.45-0.78) 0.36(0.27-0.49)
  Occasionally 0.51(0.39-0.67) 0.46(0.34-0.61)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Eggs    
  Daily 1.76(1.34-2.33) 1.00(0.70-1.43)
  Weekly 1.29(1.11-1.50) 0.99(0.77-1.27)
  Occasionally 0.51(0.39-0.67) 0.94(0.74-1.20)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Fish    
  Daily 2.58(2.13-3.14) 1.72(1.26-2.33)
  Weekly 1.54(1.32-1.80) 1.41(1.07-1.87)
  Occasionally 0.86(0.73-1.01) 0.94(0.71-1.25)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Chicken or meat    
  Daily 1.84(1.08-3.15) 1.02(0.53-1.98)
  Weekly 1.44(1.23-1.69) 1.05(0.77-1.44)
  Occasionally 1.08(0.94-1.25) 1.21(0.90-1.61)
  Never R 1.00 1.00
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)    
≤18.5 (Underweight)   0.69(0.56-0.85)
18.5-22.9 (Normal)R   1.00
23.0-24.9 (Overweight)   1.59(1.30-1.94)
≥25.0 (Obese)   2.37(2.01-2.79)
Current Tobacco smoking    
  No R   1.00
  Yes   1.24(0.77-2.00)
Alcohol consumption    
  Never R   1.00
  Occasionally   0.86(0.40-1.83)
  Once a week   0.51(0.15-1.68)
  Almost everyday   0.63(0.12-3.37)
Frequency of watching TV    
   Not at all R   1.00
   Less than once a week   0.96(0.75-1.22)
   At least once a week   0.80(0.62-1.03)
   Almost everyday   0.91(0.75-1.11)
Age    
  20-29R   1.00
  30-39   3.31(2.66-4.12)
  40-49   8.03(6.49-9.93)
Educatio n    
  Illiterate R   1.00
  Literate, <middle school   1.38(1.14-1.68)
   Middle school completed   1.49(1.24-1.79)
  High school complete and above   0.99(0.73-1.34)
Religion    
  Hindu R   1.00
  Muslim   1.15(0.94-1.40)
  Christian   1.51(1.12-2.03)
  Sikhs   0.83(0.53-1.30)
  Others   0.91(0.54-1.55)
Caste/tribe    
  Scheduled caste R   1.00
  Scheduled tribes   0.51(0.33-0.77)
  Other backward class   0.91(0.75-1.11)
  Others   1.00(0.82-1.22)
  Missing caste   0.91(0.62-1.32)
Wealth index    
  Lowest R   1.00
  Second   1.58(1.17-2.12)
  Middle   1.30(0.96-1.77)
  Fourth   1.66(1.21-2.27)
  Highest   1.62(1.14-2.30)
Place of residence    
  Urban   1.44(1.24-1.68)
  Rural R   1.00
For variable definition see Table 1; R Reference category; Model 1 unadjusted; Model 2 adjusted for all
Table 3: Unadjusted and adjusted effect (odds ratios with 95% CI) of frequency of consumption of specific food items and selected factors on the risk of diabetes among women, India, 2005-06.