Participant characteristics All (n=67) Educational
(n=33)
Yoga with Education
(n=34)
P-value1
Age in years (mean) 58 (10) 57 (11) 59 (10) 0.754
Race (%)        
Non-Hispanic White 52 (78) 26 (79) 26 (77) 0.357
Non-Hispanic Black 13 (19) 7 (21) 6 (18)  
Hispanic 2 (3) 0 2 (6)  
Sex (%)        
Male 34 (51) 17 (52) 16 (47) 0.715
Female 33 (49) 16 (49) 18 (53)  
Education        
High school or less 8 (12) 4 (13) 4 (12) 0.326
Some or 4 year college degree 33 (51) 19 (59) 14 (42)  
  More than college degree 24 (37) 9 (28) 15 (46)  
Biometrics (mean, S.D.)        
Weight (kg) 100 (17) 98 (17) 103 (17) 0.273
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 34 (6) 33.5 (6.0) 33.7 (6.0) 0.217
Waist Circumference (cm) 111 (12) 113 (13) 109 (12) 0.235
Blood pressure (mm/Hg)        
Systolic 129 (13) 130 (12) 129 (15) 0.723
Diastolic 76 (10) 77 (9) 76 (10) 0.682
Hypertension Medication (Yes, %) 44 (66) 23 (67) 21 (63) 0.730
Laboratory Values (mean, S.D.)        
Glucose (mg/dl) 108 (16) 108 (19) 109 (12) 0.333
Insulin (mg/dl) 15.1 (7.7) 15.5 (8.7) 14.1 (5.6) 0.585
HOMA-Insulin Resistance 2.0 (1.0) 2.1 (1.1) 1.9 (0.7) 0.581
Lipids        
    Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 198 (36) 192 (35) 202 (37) 0.192
     Low density lipoprotein (LDL, mg/dL) 123 (29) 118 (32) 128 (27) .065
     High density lipoprotein (HDL (mg/dL) 44 (10) 42 (8) 45 (11) .082
     Triglycerides (TG, mg/dL) 150 (59) 154 (58) 142 (57) 0.751
Number of criteria for metabolic syndrome2 (%)       0.513
1 5 (8) 4 (12) 1 (3)  
2 21 (32) 10 (48) 11 (33)  
3 17 (26) 9 (53) 8 (24)  
4 23 (35) 10 (44) 12 (39)  
Energy intake ( kcal/day, mean, S.D.) 1796 (678) 1780 (708) 1810(658) 0.857
1P values derived from t  test for continuous variables and chi squared tests for categorical variables
2Criteria for metabolic syndrome are: 1. elevated waist circumference (males > 102cm; females > 88cm); 2. impaired fasting glucose (100-125 mg/dl); 3. elevated blood pressure (systolic ≥130 and/or  diastolic  ≥ 85 mg Hg) or diagnosis of hypertension; 4. dyslipidemia (triglycerides ≥150 and/or HDL≤  40 mg/dL for males; 50 for females).
Table 1: Baseline characteristics of participants.