Controls ONM OHG OTD
Male:female 8:7 10:5 8:7 6:9
Age (years) 47 ± 8 45 ± 6 51 ± 7 51 ± 9
BMI(kg/m2) 22.0 ± 1.3 27.3 ± 1.6* 28.7 ± 2.3* 28.7 ± 2.6*
Waistline (cm) 79.2 ± 6.6 90.3 ± 5.8* 92.8 ± 6.8* 93.1 ± 8.7*
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.14 ± 0.38 5.11 ± 0.33 7.76 ± 1.32*# 8.07 ± 3.59*#
2h postprandial glucose (mmol/l) 5.28 ± 0.99 5.79 ± 1.11 12.25 ± 3.63*# 12.63 ± 6.08*#
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.18 ± 0.43 1.02 ± 0.28 1.31 ± 0.30 1.76 ± 0.82*#Δ
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.58 ± 0.83 4.35 ± 0.60 4.53 ± 0.45 5.40 ± 1.45*#Δ
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.76 ± 0.48 2.78 ± 0.50 2.62 ± 0.65 3.08 ± 0.99*
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.52 ± 0.31 1.40 ± 0.25 1.41 ± 0.27 1.71 ± 0.16
Systolic BP (mmHg) 112 ± 15 117± 13 114 ± 13 151 ± 15*#Δ
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 69 ± 10 75 ± 10 70 ± 11 87 ± 17*#Δ
Free fat acid (mmol/l) 0.76 ± 0.53 1.00 ± 0.64 0.70 ± 0.19 0.72 ± 0.15
The data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (S.D.). ONM: obesity with normal metabolism; OHG: obesity with hyperglycemia; OTD: obesity with three kinds of metabolic disorders. *p<0.05 as compared with controls; #p<0.05 as compared with ONM; Δp<0.05 as compared with OHG.
Table 1: Subject characteristics.