Variable Category Undiagnosed DM OR[95% CI] P-value
    Frequency Percent    
BMI Normal
Overweight
Obese
6/246
12/123
3/35
2.44
9.76
8.57
Ref
4.32 (1.58-11.81)
3.75 (0.89-15.73)

0.004*
0.071

WC  Normal
High
4/250
17/172
1.60
9.88
Ref
6.74 (2.22-20.41)
0.001*
Smoking habit Non smokers
Smokers
Ex-smokers
18/384
1/18
1/18
4.69
5.56
11.11
Ref
1.19 (0.15-9.49)
2.54 (0.54-11.90)
0.865
0.236
Physical activity Active
Inactive
14/328
7/91
4.27
7.69
Ref
1.86 (0.73-4.77)
0.192
History of Hypertension No
Yes
11/346
10/74
3.18
13.51
Ref
4.75 (1.94-11.67)
 0.001*
Alcohol consumption Non drinkers
Frequent drinkers
Social drinkers
4/196
7/81
10/121
2.04
8.64
8.26
Ref
4.54 (1.29-15.96)
4.32 (1.32-14.11)
0.018*
0.015*
 TC  TG    <200 mg/dl
≥200 mg/dl
<150 mg/dl
≥150 mg/dl
5/127
16/295
4/204
17/218
3.94
5.42
1.96
7.80
Ref
1.39 (0.50-3.90)
Ref
4.22 (1.39-12.78)
 0.521  0.011*
*= P<0.05
Table 3: Univariate logistic regression analysis of modifiable risk factors with undiagnosed DM in selected institutions Bishoftu town, East Shoa, Ethiopia.