Figure 7: FA is proposed to modulate markers of metabolic syndrome, presenting a number of different mechanisms of action by which it can prove beneficial. Probiotic microcapsules, in the ascending colon, release FA due to FAE enzymatic activity, leading to the systemic absorption of FA. FA has been shown, in the presented research and in other works, to modulate a number of markers that play an important role in metabolic syndrome-cardiovascular diseases, obesity and T2DM.