GDM present GDMnot present GDM not verified Total
N 46 276 979 1,301
Age (years) 30.8 ± 4.6 30.6 ± 4.9 30.8 ± 5.0 30.8 ± 4.9
BMI before pregnancy(kg/m2) 25.6 ± 4.4 25.7 ± 5.2 23.8 ± 4.4 24.2± 4.6
Ethnicity
Igbo 37 (82.2) 247 (90.5) 848 (89.4) 1,132 (89.4)
Non-Igbo 8 (17.8) 26 (9.5) 101 (10.6) 135 (10.6)
Family history of diabetes
Yes 13 (28.9) 55 (20.1) 185 (19.5) 253 (19.7)
No 32 (71.1) 218 (79.9) 783 (80.5) 1,033 (80.3)
Smoking
Yes 8 (17.4) 46 (17.0) 170 (17.5) 224 (17.4)
No 38 (82.6) 225 (83.0) 799 (82.5) 1,062 (82.6)
Hospital
EBSUTHAI 22 (47.8) 99 (35.9) 874 (89.3) 995 (76.5)
FMC 24 (52.2) 177 (64.1) 105 (10.7) 306 (23.5)
Obstetric history 1
Previous spontaneous abortion 15 (32.6) 84 (30.4) 317 (32.4) 416 (32.0)
Non-previous spontaneous abortion 31 (67.4) 192 (69.6) 662 (67.6) 885 (68.0)
Obstetric history 2
Nullipara 19 (43.2) 112 (40.9) 422 (44.3) 553 (43.5)
Multipara with history of GDM 2 (4.5) 8 (2.9) 6 (0.6) 16 (1.3)
Multipara without history of GDM 23 (52.3) 154 (56.2) 525 (55.1) 702 (55.2)
Obstetric history 3
Nullipara 19 (43.2) 112 (40.7) 422 (44.3) 553 (43.5)
Multipara with perinatal mortality 4 (9.1) 17 (6.2) 47 (4.9) 68 (5.3)
Multipara without perinatal mortality 21 (47.7) 146 (53.1) 484 (50.8) 651 (51.2)
Data are means ± SD or n (%).
Table 2: Demographics before correction for verification bias.