1. Cotton-wool spots
2. Retinal hemorrhage: dot, blot, flame-shaped
3. Preretinal hemorrhage
4. Microaneurysms
5. Focal narrowing of retinal vasculature
6. Arterial occlusion with focal deposits
7. Central/branch retinal arterial occlusion with cherry red spot
8. Central/branch venous occlusion
9. Retinal neovascularization
10. Anterior segment ischemia
11. Vitreous hemorrhage
12. Traction retinal detachment
13. Neovascular or hemorrhagic glaucoma
14. Hypertensive changes (arteriolar narrowing, hard exudates, flame hemorrhages, papilledema)
15. Optic disc vasculitis
Table 2: Signs of lupus retinopathy.