*E.R.: Endoplasmic reticulum; TSP: Total soluble protein; N.A.: Not Available; NOD mice: Non-obese diabetic mice (animal model of T1D); CTB: B subunit cholera enterotoxin; RTB: Ricin toxin B chain; hinsulin: Human insulin
Table 1: Plant-based production systems of insulin for prevention and treatment of type 1 diabetes*.