Percent of vaccine group that exhibited a responsea
  LAIV (n=16) TIV (n=16)
IL-2 13 13
IL-4 13 6
IL-5 13 63
IL-10 6 13
IL-12 0 19
IL-13 13 25
IFN-γ 81 19
TNF-α 44 56
acytokines were measured supernatants of PBMCs stimulated with influenza virus or controls as described with a ≥2-fold increase in cytokine concentration to any influenza vaccine antigen (H1N1, H3N2 or B) were aCytokines were measured in supernatants of PBMCs stimulated with influenza virus or controls as described in Materials and Methods. Individuals with a ≥2- fold increase in cytokine concentration to any influenza vaccine antigen (H1N1, H3N2 or B) were considered responders.
Table 3: Percent of LAIV or TIV group with =2-fold increase in cytokine concentration post-vaccination