Organism Source Reference
Bacteria
Methanosarcinales,Thermococcales,Methanococcales,Methanobacteriales,Halobacteriales,Nitrosopumilales,Methanobacteria, Methanococci, Methanomicrobia, Methanopyri, Victivallisvadensis,Salinibacterruber, Pseudomonas filiscindens,Planctomycesmaris, Ktedonobacterracemifer, Prolixibacterbellariivorans, Desulfobacteraceae bacterium, Francisellanoatunensis, Robiginitaleabiformata, Pseudomonas aeruginosaPelagibacabermudensis,Dokdoniadonghaensis,Flexithrixdorotheae, Erythrobacterlitoralisand Marinoscillumfurvescens Avicennia marina,Gray mangroves of  Red Sea [139]
Phaeocystidibactermarisrubri Red sea Sediments [140]
Nitrosopumilusmaritimus  Deep Red Sea [141]
Prochlorococcus sp. Red sea [60]
Methylocella,Methylocystis,Methylosinus,  MethylocapsaMethylacidiphilum  Red sea brine water    interface [142]
CandidatusSynechococcusspongiarum, Cyanobacteria foliascens Red Seasponge [143]
Cyanobacteria-Prochlorococcus Red sea water [60]
Poribacteria, Candidatus,Entotheonella, Spirochaeta, Nitrosococcus, Proteobacteria, Deferribacteres, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, Bacteroidetes, Planctomycetes Red sea sponges [144]
Alphaproteobacteria and Bacteroidetes members Red Sea coral [145]
Prochlorococcus/Cyanobacteri,  Alphaproteobacteria  Red sea 146]
Alphaproteobacteria and Flavobacteria Red sea [147]
Endozoicomonas Red sea Coral [148]
Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Deferribacteres, and Euryarchaeota  Red Seasediments [149]
Vibrio,Pseudoalteromonas,Serratia,Stenotrophomonas,Pseudomonas, Achromobacter,ChloracidobacteriumandEndozoicomonas Red Sea coral [148]
Actinobacteria, Aquificae, Bacteroidetes, Chlamydiae, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Dictyoglomi, Firmicutes, Deinococcus-Thermus, Planctomycetes, Thermomicrobia, Verrucomicrobia Acidobacteria, Chrysiogenetes, Deferribacteres, Fusobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Nitrospira, Spirochetes, Tenericutes, Thermodesulfobacteria Red Sea Sponges [149]
Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Actinobacteria, Red sea, Egyptian sponge [150 ]
Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Cytophaga-Flavobacter/Flexibacter-Bacteroides, Firmicutes, and Planctomyces Red Sea Coral [151]
Halorhabdustiamatea sp. Deep Red sea [45]
Haloplasma contractile Deep Red sea [46]
Desulfovibriodesulfuricans From Red Sea Coral [152]
Swampomycesarmeniacus, Hypoxylonsp, Lineolatarhizophorae, Tethys kallichroma, Swampomycesegyptiacus Lulwothiagrandispora. Red sea mangroves in Egypt [153]
Salinisphaerashabanensis sp. Red sea [45]
Halanaerobium sp. brine-seawater interface of the Kebrit Deep,Red Sea [47]
Alternariaalternata, Cladosporiumcladosporioides Penicilliumchrysogenum  Red Sea Coast of   Egypt [154]
Ascomycotina sp., Deuteromycotma sp. Basidiomycete sp. Halosphaeriaquadricornuta Leptosphaeriaaustraliensis Periconiaprolifica. South Safaga of Red Sea, Egypt [59]
Fungi
Aspergillus, Ustilago, Schizosaccharomyces, Phaeosphaeria, Chaetomium, Neosartorya, Nakaseomyces, Kluyveromyces, Postia, Saccharomyces, Filobasidiella, Kluyveromyces, Agaricus, Alternaria, Piromyces, Gibberella, Malassezia, Neurospora, Penicillium, Magnaporthe, Yarrowia, Debaryomyces Grey Mangroves from theRed Sea [155]
Sarocladiumstrictum Acremoniumsp Thuwal cold seeps in the Red Sea [156-160]
Table 2: Red microbial diversity still not explored biological activities