Compound Structure Mechanism of Action Currently FDA approved indications Stage of Development in bladder cancer
Cetuximab (C225/Erbitux) Human/mouse chimeric moAb inhibits erbB1 H & N, mCRC Phase II
Panitumumab (ABX-EGF/Vectibix) Human moAb inhibits erbB1 mCRC Preclinical
Nimotuzumab (Theracim) Humanized moAb inhibits erbB1 (being evaluated in various cancers including esophageal cancer, NSCLC, pancreatic cancer) none
Matuzumab (EMD 7200) Humanized moAb inhibits erbB1 (being evaluated in NSCLC, EGC, ovarian cancer) none
Zalutumumab Human moAb inhibits erbB1 (being evaluated in H & N, CRC, NSCLC) none
Gefitinib (Iressa) TKI inhibits erbB1 NSCLC Phase II, Phase III
Erlotinib (Tarceva) TKI inhibits erbB1 NSCLC Phase II
Lapatinib (Tykerb) MTKI inhibits erbB1, erbB2 BRC Preclinical
Vandetanib (Caprelsa) MTKI inhibits erbB1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, and RET MTC none
AEE788 MTKI inhibits erbB1, erbB2, VEGFR-2 (being evaluated in GBM) none
AC 480 (BMS-599626) MTKI inhibits erbB1, erbB2 (being evaluated in BRC, GBM) none
AZD 8931 MTKI inhibits erbB1, erbB2, erbB3 (being evaluated in BRC, gastric cancer, other solid malignancies) none
DAB389EGF chimeric protein conjugated toxin protein targeting erbB1 none Preclinical
miR-133 microRNA promotes EGFR mRNA degradation/blocks EGFR translation none Preclinical
LRIG1 cDNA cDNA protein product inhibits erbB1 none Preclinical
Acronyms TKI: tyrosine kinase inhibitor; MTKI: multitargeted kinase inhibitor; moAb: monoclonal antibody; H & N: head and neck cancer; CRC: colorectal cancer; mCRC: metastatic colorectal cancer; NSCLC: non-small cell lung cancer; BRC: breast cancer; MTC: medullary thyroid cancer
Table 1: EGFR-targeted therapies in bladder cancer.