Risk factors for skin cancer Prevention strategies for skin cancer
UV radiation exposure UV-A UV-B Minimize sun exposure Especially during peak sun hours, 10 AM-4 PM
Immunosuppression UV radiation Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Immunosuppressive therapy Organ transplant anti-rejection therapy Sun protection UV-A & UV-B resistant wrap-around sun glasses Sun protective clothing with tightly woven fabric Wide-brim hat with neck flap
Genetic syndromes Basal cell nevus syndrome Epidermodysplasiaverruciformis Oculocutaneousalbinism Xerodermapigmentosum Sunscreens Sunscreen with high SPF ≥ 15 Apply sunscreen to children ≥ 6 months of age Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours while outdoors, even on sunny days
Clinical therapies Phototherapy Psoralen + UV-A therapy (PUV-A) Avoid artificial tanning (beds & booths)
Viruses & infections Human immunodeficiency virus Human papilloma virus Sun safety education Age-appropriate public health education Directed skin cancer education: families, coaches, teachers, administrators, primary care physicians
Environmental pollutants & chemical carcinogens Arsenic Chromium Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Screening Periodic free screening programs
Ionizing radiation X-rays Skin examinations Mole watch Frequent self-screen examinations Skin examinations by dermatologists Telemedicine skin exams
Miscellaneous risk factors Advancing age Alcohol intake Artificial tanning Dermatoses&keratoses Fair skin color Non-healing wounds & scars Outdoor occupations Policies, services, & organizations Promotion of health services & organizations that support skin cancer education Planning & implementation of national public health policies which reduce UV exposures in populations
Table 2: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies for Skin Cancer.