Sr No Application of fenugreek Responsible component of fenugreek References
General uses of fenugreek
1. Culinary (colour, flavour, aroma) Seed, leaves 23
2 Vegetable Leaves and seeds 7
3 Ingredients in bread making with maize and wheat flour Seeds 8
4 Forage Leaves, straws, immature seeds (proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates) 3
5 Spice and seasoning Leaves and seeds 6, 3
6 Cosmetics Seeds, leaves 2
7 Paints Seeds, leaves 2
8 Paper industries Leaves, seeds 2
9 Organoleptic character improver Seeds, leaves 6
10 Maple syrup and artificial flavouring Trigonelline 2
11 Holy fumigants & embalming rites Smoke of fenugreek leaves 26
12 Food Mixed with flour for bread, yellow dye 6
13 Functional food Dietary fibre, galactomannan 2
14 Flavouring Curries, condiments, pickles, chutneys 6
15 Colouring dye Seeds 2
16 Food Gum Seed 18
17 Fenugreek as food stabilizer, adhesive and emulsifying agent Seed 14, 3
18 Perfume Fenugreek oil 6
19 Insect repellent Fenugreek oil 26
20 Alcoholic beverages and perfumery Seeds 14
21 Bread-making along with wheat and maize flour Seeds 27, 28
Medicinal uses of fenugreek
1 Reduces the sugar level of the blood Seeds 10
2 Reduces perspiration, fevers, treats allergies, bronchitis and congest Seeds, leaves 82
4 Helps in loosening excess mucus and phlegm Seeds, leaves 62
5 Treats sinus and lung congestion Seed 56
6 Acts as infection agent Seeds, leaves 18
7 Reduces congestion Seed 10
8 Lowers blood pressure Seeds and leaves 3
9 Carminative flatulence (prevents gas formation in digestive tract) Seed and leaves 29
3 Aphrodisiac Seed leaves 28
4 Pharmaceutical (raw material for hormones and therapeutic drugs) Steroids, flavonoids, alkaloids 2
5 Wounds and sore muscles treatment Seeds and leaves 29
6 Anti-bacterial Seeds and leaves 3
7 Anti-cancer Seeds, leaves 3, 29
8 Anti-ulcer Seeds leaves 3
9 Anti-nociceptive (Pain reducing) Seeds leaves 30
10 Anthelmintic Seeds and leaves 31
11 Induces labour during child birth and delivery Seed 30
12 Induces growth and reproduction hormones Diogenin hormones 2
13 For immunomodulatory function Hormones 29, 3
14 Hypocholesterolemic   9, 3
15 Hypoglacimic   32
16 Geastro-and hepatoprotective Leaves and seeds 2
17 Antioxidant Seed, leaves 33
18 Diabetes management Seed  
19 Cardiovascular health Bioactive compound 2
20 Hair strengthening agent   33
21 Prevents constipation Seed 3
22 Improves digestion Seed, leaves
23 Stimulates liver and spleen Seed, leaves
24 Purifies blood Seed, leaves
25 Serves as appetizer Seed, leaves
26 Poultice for ulcers, boils and abscess The twigs and leaves
27 Loweringofbloodcholesterol Seed, leaves 24
Table 5: Major general and medicinal uses of fenugreek.