DAY 0 DAY 1 DAY 3 DAY 6 DAY 9 DAY 12
Control ΔH
(J/g)
71.65 ± 1.04A,a 52.12 ± 0.77B,b 46.19 ± 0.19C,b 43.06 ± 0.51C,b 38.99 ± 0.45D,a 27.81 ± 1.69E,b
HNY 67.66 ± 1.18A,ab 66.44 ± 1.79A,a 56.85 ± 0.81B,a 48.13 ± 0.62C,a 46.23 ± 1.51C,a 43.54 ± 0.36C,a
SHP 63.21 ± 2.38A,b 61.15 ± 0.62AB,a 54.19 ± 2.90A,a 39.84 ± 0.20BC,c 17.68 ± 1.56C,b 17.67 ± 2.33C,c
HP 44.72 ± 2.27A,c 41.74 ± 1.83AB,c 31.82 ± 0.32BC,c 26.85 ± 0.86C,d 24.45 ± 4.32C,b 22.90 ± 3.75C,bc
Control FW
(g/g solid)
0.21 ± 0.003A,a 0.16 ± 0.002B,b 0.16 ± 0.002BC,c 0.14 ± 0.001CD,b 0.13 ± 0.002D,a 0.08 ± 0.01E,b
HNY 0.20 ± 0.003A,ab 0.19 ± 0.01A,a 0.12 ± 0.002B,a 0.14 ± 0.002C,a 0.14 ± 0.004C,a 0.13 ± 0.001C,a
SHP 0.19 ± 0.01A,b 0.18 ± 0.001AB,a 0.16 ± 0.01B,a 0.12 ± 0.001C,c 0.05 ± 0.005D,b 0.05 ± 0.01D,c
HP 0.13 ± 0.01A,c 0.12 ± 0.01AB,c 0.10 ± 0.001BC,c 0.08 ± 0.002C,d 0.07 ± 0.01C,b 0.07 ± 0.01C,bc
*Values are means ± SD of 3 determinations. A-D means with different letters in each row are significantly different. a-d means with different letters in each column are significantly different (P>0.05).
Table 10: Enthalpy (Δh) and Freezable Water (FW) Fraction of Bread Samples*