Carotenoids content (mg/l) Heating temperature (°C)   P1
50 120 200 400
Heating time (min) 0 626.60 ± 2.60a,# 626.60 ± 2.60a,# 626.60 ± 2.60a,# 626.60 ± 2.60a,# ns
0.5 621.40 ± 2.60a,# 613.60 ± 5.20a,# 478.40 ± 15.60b,≠ 140.40 ± 23.40c,≠ <0.0001
1 616.20 ± 2.60a,≠ 542.10 ± 3.90b,≠ 457.60 ± 15.60c,† 87.75 ± 21.45d,† <0.0001
2 613.60 ± 5.20a,≠ 368.94 ± 13.26b,† 297.96 ± 28.60c,‡ 78.52 ± 20.28d,‡ <0.0001
P2 0.0074 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001  
The values are given as mean ± standard deviation
The values of the same line superscripted with the same letter are not significantly different at P<0.05
The values of the same column superscripted with the sign #, ≠ or † are not significantly different at P<0.05
1Comparison of PV between different heating temperatures at the same heating time
2Comparison of PV between different heating time at the same heating temperature
ns: No significant difference at P<0.05
Table 4: Variation of carotenoids content of heated CPO according to the time and the temperature of heating.