Controla Citron oil +Citralb Hexanal+ 2-(E)-hexenalc Citrald Citral +Hexanale Hexanalf Citral + 2-(E)-hexenalg Citron oil+ Carvacrolh
Compounds T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10 T0 T3 T10
Ethyl acetate 0.0 4.3 2.5 2.5 7.5 3.6 0.8 12.7 34.3 6.4 13.5 14.6 1.2 10.3 11.0 1.2 19.3 33.9 0.6 15.2 14.6 3.7 23.3 38.7
Acetic acid, isobutyl ester 0.6 1.2 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Acetic acid, butyl ester 6.9 10.9 1.8 6.0 4.7 0.0 0.8 4.4 7.9 12.9 5.2 7.6 1.3 5.5 6.0 6.1 13.6 9.3 5.2 11.5 11.6 0.8 2.5 5.1
1-butanol, 2-methyl-acetate 11.0 11.5 12.3 5.6 4.0 0.0 1.1 1.4 4.8 23.7 11.8 5.2 4.3 5.5 1.7 15.3 27.5 3.6 5.9 10.0 2.8 2.6 4.1 4.3
Acetic acid, hexyl ester 16.4 42.2 12.6 7.3 22.0 4.2 235.1 460.8 74.0 20.6 57.2 36.8 25.0 167.3 12.2 236.5 431.6 259.3 31.3 171.6 53.5 6.9 26.0 20.3
2-Hexen-1-ol, acetate 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 46.4 9.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.1 3.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Butanoic acid methyl esters 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 3.4 6.8 3.9 5.6 3.8 0.0 5.2 11.1 0.0 0.7 7.9 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Citronellyl acetate 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 5.4 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 9.5 11.1 1.5 10.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 21.8 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Linalyl butyrate 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.9 5.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 28.4 26.6 8.3
Total Esters 34.9 70.0 34.7 26.9 50.0 10.1 284.2 489.0 122.8 68.5 104.1 79.2 38.9 202.6 31.6 264.3 503.3 306.6 58.0 240.9 88.2 42.4 82.5 76.6
Hexane 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 6.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
β-myrcene 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.1 3.6 2.0
Limonene 0.4 1.7 1.4 38.6 28.3 2.6 0.0 0.4 0.9 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.7 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.5 1.1 0.3 213.0 203.1 124.8
α Terpinene 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.7 19.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 155.5 126.9 72.1
Cymene 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.3 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 35.0 66.3 55.2
β-pinene 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.7 8.0 4.4
thymol methyl ether 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.0 11.0
Total Hydrocarbons 0.4 1.7 1.4 75.0 52.2 4.0 0.0 0.4 0.9 1.0 1.3 8.4 1.7 0.5 0.0 0.7 0.5 0.0 6.9 1.1 0.3 416.4 426.0 269.4
Nerol 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.3 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Geraniol 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Carvacrol 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.4 15.5 0.0
β-citronellol 0.0 0.0 0.0 39.6 58.3 33.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 63.7 144.3 81.1 44.8 64.8 4.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 42.4 72.1 21.5 6.5 6.0 0.0
Hexanol 2.5 1.7 0.0 8.4 3.0 3.8 33.1 8.4 2.6 9.5 11.0 11.4 33.3 17.8 2.6 35.2 10.2 7.6 21.0 16.3 5.6 1.5 2.4 1.5
Ethanol 0.6 0.9 0.0 12.0 10.8 6.1 11.0 8.9 8.0 14.0 12.2 10.3 11.5 10.3 4.9 14.1 12.0 8.7 10.8 11.5 7.4 14.5 14.1 9.3
Total Alcohols 3.1 2.6 0.0 63.7 72.0 43.3 44.1 17.2 10.6 96.5 167.5 102.9 92.8 92.9 12.2 49.3 22.2 16.3 79.0 99.9 34.5 49.9 38.0 10.8
Hexanal 24.6 35.6 24.0 18.2 55.5 38.5 3.9 2.7 16.5 9.9 27.7 20.0 31.5 26.1 28.8 14.7 11.3 10.4 16.3 20.2 30.2 5.1 6.3 12.5
Neral 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 48.7 1.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Geranial 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 48.4 1.9 0.0 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
2-(E)-hexenal 14.6 28.2 50.0 13.3 29.3 31.6 7.2 5.5 29.8 7.2 19.3 18.4 24.7 12.4 11.1 0.0 7.2 18.2 18.8 16.8 23.3 6.9 10.4 18.8
Total Aldehydes 39.2 63.7 73.9 38.0 85.3 70.0 11.1 8.2 46.3 114.1 49.9 38.4 61.5 38.5 39.9 14.7 18.5 28.5 51.4 37.0 53.5 12.0 16.7 31.2
Total metabolites 77.5 138.1 110.1 203.6 259.6 127.4 339.3 514.8 180.6 280.1 322.9 228.9 194.9 334.5 83.6 329.0 544.6 351.4 195.3 378.9 176.5 520.6 563.1 388.1
aControl was washed only with dipping solution (1% citric acid + 0.5% ascorbic acid)
bConcentration employed 125 mg L-1 each.
cConcentration employed 125 mg L-1 each.
dConcentration employed 250 mg L-1
eConcentration employed 125 mg L-1 each.
fConcentration employed 250 mg L-1
gConcentration employed 125 mg L-1 each
hConcentration employed 200 mg L-1 citron oil and 50 mg L-1 carvarcol.
Table 3: Volatile aroma compounds (expressed as Area 10-5) detected in apples treated with different dipping solutions during the storage time at 6°C.