No. Variable Unit Current study
Range Mean ±  SD
1 Moisture g/100g 12.72 - 19.04 14.35 ± 1.50
2 Reducing sugars g/100g 59.52-61.60   68.4 ± 1.19
3 Apparent sucrose g/100g 1.61-4.81     2.22 ± 0.9
4 Ash g/100g 0. 26 - 1.42                                      0.34 ± 0.38
5 Free acid meqkg-1 12.33- 27.74         13.2 ± 5. 42
6 pH   3.82-4.02 4. 50 ± 0.33
CAC=Codex Alimentarius Commission; EU=European Union; meq=milliequivalent; n: Number of samples; SD=standard deviation; QSEA=Quality and Standards Authority of Ethiopia.
Table 3: Physicochemical properties of honey produced in the study area in relation to national and international standards.