Attribute KSA Light KSA Dark UAE Arabic Coffee
Color 4.0 ± 1.4a 4.7 ± 1.5ab 5.5 ± 1.3b 7.7 ± 2.2c
Cloudiness 7.7 ± 2.3a 8.2 ± 1.7ab 9.4 ± 1.7b 10.7 ± 1.3c
Roasted aroma 6.5 ± 1.7a 5.6 ± 1.8a 6.3 ± 2.1a 6.8 ± 2.3a
Sourness 1.1 ± 0.9a 1.4 ± 0.6a 0.8± 0.8a 2.2 ± 2.1a
Bitterness 6.6 ± 2.7a 6.6 ± 3.0a 5.6 ± 2.5a 8.9 ± 2.8b
Coffee flavor 7.7 ± 2.5a 7.1 ± 2.6a 7.1 ± 2.3a 9.9 ± 2.0b
Overall quality 7.8 ± 2.1a 9.3 ± 1.6ab 8.7 ± 2.0a 10.9 ± 2.2b
*A 15-cm hedonic scale was used, where zero indicates the absence of intensity, and fifteen corresponds to an extreme intensity. Values are Mean ± SD of records by 10 panelists. Means within the same raw having different superscripts are significantly different at p ≤ 0.05
Table 4: Sensory score of the three commercial roasted date seed coffee alternatives compared to a sample of Arabic coffee.*