Compound Number/Name,
Concentration, or Mass
Name High -level Calibration Standard (ng/µL) Low-level Calibration Standard (ng/µL) Method Detection Limit (ng) Relevancy to this Study
1 n-Decane 28.0 0.140 0.08 Reference compound
2 n-Undecane 29.0 0.145 0.12 Reference compound
3 DMMP 34.4 0.175 0.08 Synthetic precursor and stimulant for G-series-like nerve agents
4 2,3-Butanediol 53.0 0.265 0.66 Similar to the thiodiglycol, a synthetic precursor and hydrolysis product of  distilled mustard
5 DEMP 35.0 0.175 0.27 Synthetic precursor and stimulant for V- and G-series nerve agents
6 1-Octanol 36.0 0.180 0.09 Alcohols are hydrolysis products of G-series nerve agents
7 Methyl decanoate 42.0 0.210 0.23 Similar to methylphosphonate nerve agents
8 Methyl undecanoate 42.0 0.210 0.31 Similar to methylphosphonate  nerve agents
9 Naphthalene 35.0 0.175 0.05 Simulates aromatic character of some agents (such as adamsite or diphenylchloroarsine)
10 Methyl dodecanoate 41.0 0.205 0.42 Similar to methylphosphonate nerve agents
11 2,6-Dimethylaniline 32.0 0.160 0.06  
12 2,6-Dimethylphenol 32.0 0.160 0.05 The incapacitating agent BZ contains a weakly acidic hydrogen (i.e., the diphenylcarbinol portion of BZ)
13 2-Ethylhexanoic acid 38.0 0.190 1.13 Similar to some agent hydrolysis products (e.g., benzilic acid from BZ)
------- Nonanal 40.0 0.200 Not determined Represents irritation agents (e.g., formaldehyde, malonaldehyde, crotonaldehyde, etc.)
------- Triethylamine 37.2 0.186 Not determined Used as a stabilizer (acid scavenger) in some CW formulations
------- Dicyclohexylamine 31.0 0.155 Not determined Similar to stabilizers used in some formulations
Table 1: Calibration standard concentration ranges and method detection limits. The high-level calibration standard also was used to spike the material surfaces.