Characteristics Upper Lower Both
a-Bridge 34% 10% 20%
b-A rectangle like 24% 20% 6%
c-Simple top bifurcation 56% 12% 14%
d-Simple bottom bifurcation 6% 68% 12%
e-Closing bottom bifurcation 2% 50% 4%
f-Closing top bifurcation 38% 12% 2%
g-Star like bifurcation 14% 20% 12%
h-Branch like top bifurcation 40% 18% 2%
i-Branch like bottom bifurcation 16% 30% 0%
j-A simple opening 12% 12% 0%
k-Delta like opening 6% 18% 2%
l-A triangle like 10% 16% 6%
m-Crossing line 22% 20% 14%
n-An eye 14% 28% 2%
o-A hook 12% 24% 20%
p-A line 8% 20% 41%
q-A dot 14% 8% 4%
r-A group of dots 4% 18% 0%
s-A double eye 10% 18% 8%
t-A fence 20% 16% 20%
u-A double fence 8% 10% 0%
v-A pentagonal arrangement 8% 14% 2%
w-A Hexagonal arrangement 6% 20% 0%
x- A Bar 14% 12% 0%
Table 2: Frequency of characters in Lip prints of female samples.