Community Place Category No. AA AS SS % AS Sources
Maharashtra
Warli Thane ST 128 - - - 19.53 Joshi et al. [21]
Dhodia Maharashtra ST 65 - - - 21.54 Joshi et al. [21]
Konkana Maharashtra ST 83 - - - 3.61 Joshi et al. [21]
Pardhan Nanded/ Yeotmal ST 146 97 49 - 33.56 Banker et al. [12]
Pardhan Vidarbha ST 38       31.6 Rao and Bhatai [22]
Kolam Vidarbha ST 28       20.3 Rao and Bhatai [22]
Raj Gond Vidarbha ST 57       11.7 Rao and Bhatai [22]
Naikgond Vidarbha ST 11       10.6 Rao and Bhatai [22]
Otkar Gadchiroli ST - - - - 35 Kate [13]
Pardhan Yeotmal/ Nanded ST - - - - 16.8 Kate [13]
Pardhan Yeotmal/ Nanded ST - - - - 33.7 Kate [13]
Pawara Dhule, Jalgaon ST - - - - 25.2 Kate [13]
Madia Gond Gadchiroli, ST - - - - 20.8 Kate [13]
Bhil Nandurbar ST - - - - 20.6 Kate [13]
Halbi Gadchiroli ST - - - - 13.9 Kate [13]
Malhar koli Thane ST - - - - 13.9 Kate [13]
Rajgond Gadchiroli ST - - - - 10.9 Kate [13]
Korku Amravati ST - - - - 9.49 Kate [13]
Tandvi Jalgaon ST 72 - - - 8.33 Banker et al. [12]
Kolam Yeotmal ST 36 - - - 8.33 Banker et al. [12]
Warli Thane ST - - - - 8.04 Kate [13]
Katkari Pune, Ratnagiri ST - - - - 5.9 Kate [13]
Kokana Dhule,Nashik ST - - - - 3.5 Kate [13]
Andh Nanded ST - - - - 1.97 Kate [13]
Mahadeo Koli Pune, Nashik ST - - - - 0.81 Kate [13]
Madia Gadchiroli ST 140 115 25 - 17.86 Urade et al. [14]
Maria Gond   ST 167 - - - 16.17 Pingle [23]
Halba Nagpur ST 139 137 2 - 5.04 Present study
Gond Nagpur/Gondia ST 230 203 27 - 15.65 Present study
Banjara Vidarbha ST 17 14 1 1 5.88 Present study
Mana Nagpur ST 31 31 - - 0 Present study
Gowari Gondia/Yeotmal ST 55 51 4 - 7.27 Present study
Pardhan Nagpur ST 64 51 13 1 20.31 Present study
Chhattisgarh
Binjwar Raipur ST 14 14     0 Tiwari, et al. [24]
Binjwar Bilaspur ST 13 12 1 - 3.85 Negi [7]
Dhanwar Bilaspur ST 31 31     0 Negi [7]
Gond Raipur ST 157 132 25   7.96 ICMR Report [25]
Gond Raipur ST 63 44 19   15.08 Tiwari, et al. [24]
Gond Bilaspur ST 129 104 25   9.69 Negi [11]
Gond Ambikapur ST 127 101 26   10.24 Bhatia and Rao [26]
Gond-Bade Bhatra Bastar ST 153 138 25   16.34 Negi [7]
Bison Horn Maria Bastar ST 442 360 82   18.55 Negi [7]
Bison Horn Maria Bilaspur ST 218 171 47   10.78 Negi [7]
Dhurwa Bastar ST 60 50 10   16.67 Negi [7]
Dhurwa Bastar ST 348 336 12   3.45 Negi [7]
Gond Muria Bastar ST 143 128 15   10.49 Negi [10]
Gond Muria Bastar ST 169 142 27   15.98 Negi [10]
Hill Maria Bilaspur ST 85 68 17   20 Negi [11]
Gond Raj Bastar ST 70 60 10   14.29 Negi [7]
 San Bhatra Bastar ST 88 71 17   19.32 Negi [7]
Halba Bastar ST 77 56 21   27.27 Negi [7]
Halba Raipur ST 33 29 4   13.32 Tiwari, et al. [24]
Halba Raipur ST 122 105 17   6.97 ICMR Report [25]
Kamar Raipur ST 21 20 1   2.38 Tiwari, et al. [24]
Kanwar Ambikapur ST 100 100 -   0 Negi [7]
Kanwar Bilaspur ST 91 88 3   3.3 Negi [11]
Kawar Ambikapur ST 114 113 1   0.46 ICMR Report [25]
Kawar Raipur ST 72 68 4   2.78 ICMR Report [25]
Kol Bilaspur ST 10 10 -   0 Negi [7]
Manjwar Bilaspur ST 17 17 -   0 Negi [7]
Oraon Bilaspur ST 6 6 -   0 Negi [7]
Panka Raipur ST 26 17 9   17.3 Tiwari, et al. [24]
Panka Bilaspur ST 35 18 17   48.57 Negi [7]
Madhya Pradesh
Bhilala Jhabua ST 384 263 121   31.75 ICMR Report [25]
Gond - ST 157 - - - 15.92 ICMR Report [25]
Kawar   ST 72 - - - 5.45 ICMR Report [25]
Halba   ST 122 - - - 13.93 Das et al. [27]
Gond   ST 127 - - - 20.47 ICMR Report [25]
Oraon   ST 422 - - - 2.13 Das et al. [27]
Kawar   ST 114 - - - 0.88 Das et al. [27]
Bhil   ST 145 - - - 17.24 Papiha et al. [28]
Korku   ST 102 - - - 1 Saha and Goswami [29]
Bhilala   ST 977       19.04 ICMR Report [25]
Gujarat
Dhanka Surat ST 30 21 9   30 Negi [30]
Gamit   ST 251 - - - 17.13 Mittal et al. 1962
Gamit Surat ST 137 103 34   25 Vyas et al. [31]
Gamit   ST 207 - - - 31.4 Vyas et al. [31]
Naik   ST 174 - - - 16.09 Vyas et al. [31]
Bhil   ST 206 - - - 15.53 Vyas et al. [31]
Dhanka (Bhil)   ST 215 - - - 19.07 Vyas et al. [31]
Dhodia   ST 213 - - - 17.84 Vyas et al. [31]
Rajasthan
Garasia Sirohi ST 75 50 25   33.33 Negi [7]
Garasia Udaipur ST 35 24 11   31.43 Negi [7]
Andhra Pradesh
Relli Vishakapatanam ST 138 99 39   14.2 Murthy [32]
Pardhan Adilabad ST 101 65 35 1 34.65 Blake, et al. [33]
Yerukula   ST 125 - - - 0.8 Goud and Rao [34]
Yerukula   ST 40 - - - 0 Blake, et al. [33]
Savara   ST 132 - - - 1.52 Rao et al. [35]
Jatapu   ST 157 - - - 1.27 Rao et al. [35]
Jatapu   ST 260 - - - 5.94 Rao et al. [17]
Sugali   ST 61 - - - 4.92 Blake, et al. [33]
Konda Reddy   ST 92 - - - 2.17 Blake, et al. [33]
Koya   ST 159 - - - 12.57 Blake, et al. [33]
Raj Gond   ST 133 - - - 14.28 Blake, et al. [33]
Koya Dora   ST 99 - - - 24.24 Sudhakar Babu et al. [36]
Koya Dora   ST 547 - - - 7.86 Goud and Rao [37]
Naik Pod   ST 90 - - - 4.44 Goud and Rao [37]
Lambadi   ST 154 - - - 2.6 Goud and Rao [37]
Pardhan   ST 122 - - - 31.79 Goud and Rao [37]
Raj Gond   ST 197 - - - 11.17 Goud and Rao [37]
Kolam   ST 215 - - - 14.92 Ramesh et al. [38]
Chenchu   ST 139 - - - 0.72 Ramesh et al. [39]
Koya   ST 238 - - - 6.58 Pingle [23]
Manne   ST 155 - - - 2.58 Pingle [23]
Kolam   ST 142 - - - 7.04 Pingle [23]
Raj Gond   ST 140 - - - 14.28 Pingle [23]
Karnataka
Kurumba-Jenu Coorg ST 76 46 29 1 20.66 Sastry [40]
kurumba-Beta Coorg ST 67 39 27 1 21.6 Sastry [40]
Soliga Mysore ST 102 61 40 1 20.59 Sastry [40]
Kerala
Adiyan Cannore ST 75 51 24   16 ICMR Report [25]
Paniyan Kerala ST 61 40 21   17.21 ICMR Report [25]
Mullukuruman Wynad (Kerala) ST 102 91 11 - 10.78 Present study
Adiyan Cannore ST 75 51 24   16 ICMR Report [25]
Paniyan Kerala ST 61 40 21   17.21 ICMR Report [25]
Kurichian Wynad (Kerala) ST 106 104 2 - 1.88 Saheb, 1999
Mullukuruman Wynad (Kerala) ST 102 91 11 - 10.78 Present study
Tamil Nadu
Paniyan Nilgiri ST 109 62 45 2 22.47 Sastry [40]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 124 85 39   15.73 Lehman and Cutbush [4]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 254 168 81 5 17.91 Sastry [40]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 130 84 46   35.38 Undevia et al. [41]
Kurumba-Mullu Nilgiri ST 101 62 38 1 19.8 Sastry [40]
Toda   ST 98 - - - 1.02 Saha et al. [42]
Kurumba   ST 43 - - - 20.93 Saha et al. [42]
Toda   ST 60 - - - 3.33 kirk et al. [43]
Irula   ST 15 - - - 40 kirk et al. [43]
Kurumba   ST 43 - - - 23.25 kirk et al. [43]
Kota   ST 549 - - - 0 Ghosh et al. [44]
Irula   ST 175 - - - 26.28 Saha et al. [42]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 124 85 39   15.73 Lehman and Cutbush [4]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 254 168 81 5 17.91 Sastry [40]
Irual Nilgiri Hills ST 130 84 46   35.38 Undevia et al. [41]
Kurumba-Mullu Nilgiri ST 101 62 38 1 19.8 Sastry [40]
Toda   ST 98 - - - 1.02 Saha et al. [42]
Kurumba   ST 43 - - - 20.93 Saha et al. [42]
Toda Nilgiri ST 60 - - - 3.33 kirk et al. [43]
Irula Nilgiri ST 15 - - - 40 kirk et al. [43]
Kurumba Nilgiri ST 43 - - - 23.25 kirk et al. [43]
Kota   ST 549 - - - 0 Ghosh et al. [44]
Irula   ST 175 - - - 26.28 Saha et al. [42]
Orissa (Odisha)
Gadaba-Ollaro Koraput ST 225 218 7   3.11 Das et al. [45]
Khutia khond Phulbani dist ST 110 109 1 - 0.91 Present study
Bado Gadaba Koraput ST 100 100 - - 0 Das et al. [45]
Baren Paroja Koraput ST 100 100 - - 0 Das et al. [45]
Kondh   ST - - - - 5.5 Balgir [46]
Kutia kondh   ST - - -   1.7 Balgir [46]
Oraon   ST - - - - 0.2 Balgir [46]
Saora   ST - - -   0.2 Balgir [46]
Santal   ST - - - - 0 Balgir [46]
Bihar
Oraon   ST 130       0.77 Saha et al. [47]
Oraon   ST 56       0 kirk et al. [48]
West Bengal
Santhal   ST 336 4 - - 1.19 Chaudhuri et al. [49]
Santhal   ST 164 0 - - 0 Kate et at. [50]
Oraon   ST 204 2 - - 0.98 Saha et al. [47]
Kaora   ST 202 1 - - 0.5 Das et al. [27]
Table 2: Community and state wise frequency distribution of sickle cell trait.