Properties Biopolymer Petro-based plastics
Renewability Yes or partially No
Sustainability Yes No
Degradability Biodegradable and/or compostable Usually non-degradable (Some are degradable through polymer oxidation)
Polymer range Biopolymers (lipids, proteins, Starch etc.), Bacterial polymers (Polyhydroxyalkanoates, polyhydroxybutyrate) Extensive
Green house gas emissions Low emission High emission
Utilization of fossil fuels Limited utilization High utilization
Agriculture land utilization Expected to increase No utilization
Table 1: Comparison between Biopolymer and Petro-based plastics.