equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> Table 1
Process Symbol       Relationa
Overall    
M2+ + Lo + 2A- MLA2,o Kex Log Kex = -2fΔfex
M2+ + Lo + 2A- MLA+o + A-o Kex± Log Kex± = ffeq - Δfex±)
M2+ + Lo + 2A- ML2+o + 2A-o Kex Log Kex = 2ffeq - Δfex)
Component    
M2+ M2+o KD,M Log KD,M = 2ffeq - ΔfM)
ML2+ ML2+o KD,ML Log KD,ML = 2ffeq - ΔfML)
A- A-o KD,A Log KD,A = -ffeq - ΔfA)
M2+o + Lo ML2+o KML.org Log KML.org = -2fΔfML.org
M2+ + LML2+ KML Log KML = -2fΔfML.w0¢b
LLo KD,L Log KD,L= -fΔfL
ML2+o + A-o MLA+o K1,org Log K1,org = -fΔf1,org
MLA+o + A-o MLA2,o K2,org Log K2,org = -fΔf2,org
ML2+o + 2A-o MLA2,o bip,orgc Log bip,org = -2fΔfip,org
af = F/2.3RT. Hence, 1/f = 0.05916 V at 298 K. bΔφML.w 0′ shows a standard formal potential for the ML2+ formation in the w phase. cβip,org = K1,org K2,org. Accordingly, the relation of 2Δφip,org 0′ = Δφ1,org 0′ + Δφ2,org 0′ holds
Table 1: Relations between the potential differences, Δφeq, Δφk 0′ or Δφj0′, and Log Kk values in an extraction system.