Parameters

-3W

0 w

+3w

Temperature (°C)

38.7±0.3

38.8±0.5

39.1±0.6

Pulse (/min)

81±7

100±13

87±4

Respiration (/min)

28±10

23±5

21±2

Hematocrit (%)

34±0.5

37±3

33±3

Hemoglobin (g/dL)

13.4±0.41

14.5±0.68

12.8±1.68

Erythrocytes (×104/µL)

895±72

970±34

878±140

Leukocyte count (/µL)

102±16

112±31

96±11

Total protein  (g/dL)

6.1±0.69

6.4±0.48

7.2±0.99

Albumin (g/dL)

3.4±0.5

3.4±0.3

3.4±0.4

α-globulin (g/dL)

0.78±0.15

0.98±0.42

1.25±0.57

β-globulin (g/dL)

0.86±0.37

0.85±0.35

0.99±0.21

γ-globulin (g/dL)

1.3±0.1.34

1.23±1.07

1.88±1.31

Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L)

79±23

191±175*

98±45

Calcium (mg/dL)

11±1.1

10±0.9

10±0.6

Phosphorus (mg/dL)

6.9±0.8

5.2±2.1

4.9±1.4

Glucose (mg/dL)

69±6

68±7

68±11

Free fatty acids (mEq/L)

0.52±0.26**

0.69±0.23**

0.59±0.09**

Total cholesterol (mg/dL)

84±39

62±34

165±17

Triglycerides (mg/dL)

17±8

8±2

8±2

Liver triglyceride (mg/g wet tissue)

47±11

138±89**

115±58**

Liver glycogen (mg/g wet tissue)

176±74

336±139**

281±49**

Data are expressed as mean ± SD. *P < 0.0.5; **P < 0.0.1
Table 1: Serial clinical and laboratory findings in 5 cows 3wk before (-3w), at parturition (0w) and 3wk after parturition (+3w).