Estrogen hormone

Country

Minimum (ng/L)

Maximum (ng/L)

17-β-Estradiol

UK

2.7

48

 

Germany

ND#

3

 

Canada

ND#

64

 

Japan

3.2

55

 

South Africa

ND

4.7

 

 

 

 

Estrone

UK

1.4

76

 

Germany

ND#

70

 

Canada

ND#

48

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa

< 0 .2

10.6

 

Netherlands

< 0.4

47

 

Italy

2.5

82.1

 

 

 

 

#ND = not detected
Table 1: Minimum and maximum levels of Estrogen hormones in selected treated sewage effluents collected from several countries