Methods Sample/Matrix Limit of detection (μg.L−1) Linear range (μg.L−1) R.S.D. (%) Recovery (%) Ref
SHS-GC-MS VOCs/river water 0.1-4.9 10-1000 1.20-12.13 90-108 a
SPME-GC-MS VOCs/well water 0.2, 03 0.001–1.0 5.4, 6.4 −−− [30]
HS-SPME-GC-FIDb VOCs/marine water 1.3-12.8 0.01-5 2.2-5.3 88-103 [31]
SHS-GC-PIDc-FID VOCs/seawater 0.22-7.48 0.05-0.5 5.6-9.8 −−− [32]
GC-μECDd Pesticides/soil 0.004-1.2 0.5-200 0.5-14.1 66-147 [33]
aThe presence method
bFlame ionization detector
cPhoto ionization detector
dMicro electron capture detector
Table 7: Comparison of figures of merits and recoveries of the presence method with other works.
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