Baseline mean1                        End-program mean                    Follow-up mean                           

Disability (RMDS)                                                    6.13  (4.26)                             2.05 (2.29)                                1.89  (2.11) 

 

Perceived stress (PSS)                                          1.40  (0.54)                             1.12  (0.49)                                1.17  (0.49)

 

Health Scales (SF-36)

      Physical health                                                3.70 (0.48)                              4.14  (0.40)                                4.23  (0.33) 

            Physical functioning                                   4.15 (0.59)                              4.62  (0.34)                               4.57  (0.41)

            Role—physical                                            4.17 (0.72)                              4.66  (0.60)                               4.79  (0.40)

            Bodily pain                                                 2.52 (0.74)                              1.82  (0.66)                               1.63  (0.60)

            General health                                           3.00 (0.41)                              3.11  (0.34)                               3.18  (0.36)

     

      Mental health                                                   3.60  (0.48)                             3.84  (0.33)                               3.90  (0.33)

            Vitality                                                        3.21 (0.65)                              3.51  (0.65)                               3.74  (0.51)

            Social functioning                                       2.96 (0.29)                              2.91  (0.20)                               2.92  (0.30)

            Role—emotional                                         4.39  (0.75)                             4.73  (0.47)                               4.68  (0.65)

            Mental well-being                                      3.86 (0.64)                               4.22  (0.46)                              4.26  (0.41)

      Change in health                                             2.87 (0.99)                              3.45  (1.0)                                 3.58  (0.61)

 

Mood disturbance (POMS)                                      0.29  (0.56)                             -0.01  (0.41)                              -0.07  (0.42)

      Tension/anxiety                                               0.92  (0.82)                              0.69  (0.58)                              0.59  (0.50)

      Depression/dejection                                       0.64  (0.69)                             0.27  (0.44)                               0.31  (0.45)

      Anger/hostility                                                 0.84  (0.64)                              0.43  (0.46)                               0.49 (0.55)

      Fatigue                                                            1.24  (0.91)                              0.89  (0.60)                               0.68  (0.68)

      Confusion/bewilder-                                        0.02  (0.66)                              -0.29  (0.37)                             -0.22  (0.37)

      Vigor/activity                                                    1.89  (0.87)                              2.05  (0.75)                              2.29  (0.53)

 

Bothersomeness                                                    3.94  (2.68)                             1.38  (1.28)                               0.89  (1.33)

Use of medication                                                  0.25  (0.44)                              0.14  (0.35)                              0.20  (0.41)


1Standard deviations are in parentheses after means.
Table 1: Means and Standard Deviations of Study Variables.