Sl. no. Variables Yoga group
(%)
Control group
(%)
Effect size
Pre
(M ± SD)
Post
(M ± SD)
%Change Pre
(M ± SD)
Post
(M ± SD)
%
Change
1. PAS 8.27 ± 1.14 0.37 ± 0.67 95.5*+ 7.93 ± 1.14 3.07 ± 1.98 61.29* 1.83
2. Tenderness 2.37 ± 0.89 0.17 ± 0.38 92.82*+ 2.23 ± 0.68 0.83 ± 0.65 62.78* 1.24
3. NDS 45.30 ± 21.49 3.93 ± 5.36 91.32*+ 43.47 ± 19.82 13.90 ± 10.03 68.02* 1.24








*P < 0.01 for Wilcoxon’s test (within groups); +P < 0.01 for Mann-Whitney U test (between groups)
M: Mean; SD: Standard Deviation; percentage and EF: Effect size of yoga and control groups; PAS: Pain Analog Scale; NDS: Neck Disability Score.
In conclusion, it is observed that there is significant improvement in all variables in both the groups with significantly better improvement in yoga than control group.
Table 2: Table of Results.