Mean (sd) or # (%)
Variable (n = 31)  
Age 69.1 (7.9)
Gender  
Female 25 (81%)
Education  
High School or GED 5 (17%)
Some college 10 (32%)
College degree 5 (16%)
Post-grad studies 10 (32%)
missing 1 (3%)
Ethnicity  
African-American 0 (0%)
Non-Hispanic White 24 (77%)
Hispanic 7 (23%)
Other 0 (0%)
Income  
0-$20K 7 (23%)
$20K-$40K 10 (32%)
$40K-$60K 5 (16%)
$60K-$99K 7 (23%)
$100K+ 1 (3%)
missing 1 (3%)
Marital status  
Never Married 1 (3%)
Married/partner 21 (68%)
Divorced 6 (19%)
Widowed 2 (7%)
missing 1 (3%)
Comorbid Disorders  
Anxiety 7 (23%)
Arthritis 20 (65%)
Asthma 6 (19%)
Cancer 4 (13%)
Depression 8 (26%)
Diabetes 4 (13%)
Heart problems 5 (16%)
Hypertension 6 (19%)
Memory problems 1 (3%)
Rash/Skin 6 (19%)
Reflux/Heartburn 8 (26%)
Table 1: Participant characteristics