Parameter Control group Study group p-value
  Baseline After  1 year p value Baseline After  1 year p  value  
Weight (Kg) 90.37 ± 13.5 89.14 ± 13.55 0.002 91.62 ± 12.9 86.91 ± 12.53 <0.001 0.001
BMI 34.11 ± 4.75 33.65 ± 4.9 0.003 32.98 ± 3.98 31.29 ± 3.99 <0.001 0.001
WC (cm) 99.9 ± 7.78 98.00 ± 7.3 <0.001 99 ± 4.31 95.12 ± 5.12 <0.001 0.001
TC (mg/dL) 230 ± 45.06 173 ± 25.0 <0.001 240.9 ± 56.48 171.85 ± 25.37 <0.001 0.119
LDL  (mg/dL) 153.3 ± 52.77 102.56 ± 30.89 <0.001 162.5 ± 60.40 92.21 ± 28.11 <0.001 0.035
HDL  (mg/dL) 47.65 ± 13.63 49.95 ± 11.97 0.017 48.24 ± 15.87 59.15 ± 12.36 <0.001 0.001
Tg  (mg/dL) 159.7 ± 49.73 114.86 ± 24 <0.001 152.5 ± 50.34 109.29 ± 29.86 <0.001 0.896
FBS  mg% 117.8 ± 31.57 91.95 ± 7.23 <0.001 124.26 ± 37.19 91.65 ± 9.75 <0.001 0.337
HbA1c (%) 5.75 ± 0.63 5.23 ± 0.31 <0.001 5.76 ± 0.78 5.062 ± 0.329 <0.001 0.152
SBP (mmHg) 157.26 ± 11.75 131.95 ± 6.62 <0.001 162.76 ± 10.69 130.35 ± 8.53 <0.001 0.010
DBP (mmHg) 93.40 ± 5.56 82 ± 7.24 <0.001 94.71 ± 6.24 80.88 ± 5.91 <0.001 0.180
cIMT (mm) 0.8313 ± 0.171 0.834 ± 0.171 0.901 0.8423 ± 0.176 0.8077 ± 0.204 <0.001 0.0001
BMI – Body mass index, WC- waist circumference, TC – total cholesterol, LDL - Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL - High density lipoprotein cholesterol, Tg – triglyceride, FBS- Fasting blood sugar, HbA1c – glycosylated hemoglobin, SBP – systolic blood pressure, DBP – diastolic blood pressure, cIMT – carotid intima media thickness.
Table 2: Parameters at baseline and at the end of twelve months in the two groups.