Test (A) (Units) 0 hours

2 hours

4 hours

8 hours

24 hours P- Signi- Normal
8 Placebos Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM values ficance Range
Sodium (mmol/L)

139.9

0.4867

139.1

0.613

139.75

0.6296

140.5

0.5337

139.133

0.4125

0.3352

N.S. 136-146
Potassium (mmol/L)

4.31

0.073

4.456

0.1082

4.502

0.1278

4.4736

0.1153

4.348

0.1057

0.658

N.S. 3.5-5.3
Chloride (mmol/L)

105.1667

0.7196

104.7

1.162

105.2

0.9153

104.2

1.23

104.83

0.958

0.9569

N.S. 98-106
CO2 (mmol/L)

29.72

0.6545

29.51667

0.3834

29.1667

0.4761

30.62

0.2194

29.267

0.2827

0.1375

N.S. 22-31
Urea Nitrogen (mg/dL)

12

0.5887

11.714

0.6619

12.4

0.6734

12.6

0.8272

12.83

0.8234

0.8145

N.S. 4.0-15.0
Creatinine (mg/dL)

1.0133

0.05058

1.027

0.05474

1.02

0.05629

1.1071

0.07051

1.02

0.05089

0.7559

N.S. 0.5-1.4
EGFR (mL/min)

91.6

5.293

91.07

6.119

91.733

5.571

84.43

5.229

90

5.169

0.8697

N.S. 100-125
Glucose (mg/dL)

106.5

2.83

102.5

4.247

99.067

3.399

99.286

2.858

102.2

3.76

0.5542

N.S. 70-110
Alkaline Phosp. (U/L)

71.8

5

72.73

5.794

74.214

5.791

74.71

5.311

74.2

5.577

0.9956

N.S. 33-94
ALT/WLA (U/L)

23.063

2.22

23.73

2.576

24.231

2.727

24.5

2.851

24.6

2.675

0.9935

N.S 7.0-45
Bilirubin (mg/dL)

0.7

0.05422

0.7

0.04364

0.66

0.04338

0.543**

0.04389

0.74

0.0466

0.0061

** 0.2-1
RBC (M/uL)

4.729

0.1053

5.381

0.6775

4.717

0.102

4.7047

0.107

4.789

0.1159

0.5068

N.S. 4.4-5.9
Hemoglobin (g/dL)

13.91

0.2053

13.694

0.2014

13.727

0.2141

13.75

0.1952

13.933

0.1681

0.8683

N.S. 13.3-17.7
Hematocrit (%)

40.86

0.5364

40.456

0.5837

40.633

0.517

40.767

0.5444

41.407

0.5871

0.7937

N.S. 39-52
MCV (fL)

86.65

1.382

86.653

1.402

86.393

1.395

86.953

1.35

86.8

1.372

0.999

N.S. 80-99
MCH (pg)

29.573

0.6049

29.329

0.5988

29.29333

0.5992

29.393

0.5926

29.253

0.592

0.9962

N.S. 27-34
MCHC (g/dL)

33.95

0.2145

33.836

0.1869

33.76

0.2147

33.76

0.1802

33.6875

0.2404

0.921

N.S. 32-36
RDA (%)

14.114

0.2307

14.08571

0.2424

14.16

0.2638

14.12

0.2213

14.153

0.2286

0.9995

N.S. 12.0-15.0
PLT (k/uL)

227.3571

27.696

257.8

13.592

260.93

13.055

265.27

15.019

268.29

16.674

0.5081

N.S. 150-440
WBC (k/uL)

6.2067

0.403

6.4438

0.4899

6.42

0.3721

6.48

0.3478

6.5933

0.4366

0.9763

N.S. 4.5-11
LYMP%-A (%)

25.727

2.045

25.887

1.897

28.32

2.057

30.033

2.425

25.973

2.2211

0.5259

N.S 20-40
LYMP#-A (#/uL)

1513.3

87.759

1566.7

90.326

1753.3

102.76

1906.7

149.75

1636.7

105.77

0.0947

N.S. 600-4800
Monocyte % (%)

8.7667

0.463

8.12

0.4649

8.6733

0.5781

9.0933

0.2826

8.9667

0.3994

0.5927

N.S. 2.0-10.
Monocyte # (#/uL)

514.29

31.797

493.33

38.379

560

40

578.57

35.342

580

40.473

0.3588

N.S. 0-950
PMN% (%)

61.747

2.401

62.573

2.174

59.267

2.456

56.107

2.574

61.62

2.431

0.3231

N.S. 41-85
PMN# (#/uL)

3926.7

385.88

4086.7

450.27

3860

354.27

3692.9

303.38

4146.7

403.77

0.9235

N.S. 1100-7700
Eosinophil % (%)

3.22

0.6681

2.8933

0.6384

3.4769

0.6575

3.6923

0.6253

2.8733

0.4922

0.9117

N.S. 1.0-6.0
Eosinophil # (#/ul)

207.14

43.517

186.67

38.872

220

43.86

235.71

42.753

193.33

38.379

0.9212

N.S. 0-500
Basophil % (%)

0.54

0.03491

0.5267

0.07268

0.5714

0.05107

0.607***

0.07193

0.5667

0.05745

0.0001

*** 0-1
Basophil # (#/ul)

13.33

9.085

20

10.69

21.429

10.995

35.714

12.839

33.333

12.599

0.5963

N.S. 0-200
**P<0.01; ***p<0.001 (at 0 vs. at 8 hours)
Table 1: Study Subjects took 8 capsules of Placebos.