Key specifications

Agricultural research

•Agricultural research for development is fundamental to climate change adaptation.
•An interdisciplinary research approach with strong cooperation among national and international researchers is essential to find options for adaptation to climate change.

Agricultural extension

•Education and innovation transfer.
•Extension and education must be strengthened in order to enhance farmer capacity to respond to climate change issues.
•Extension services are an essential element for transferring climate change-related innovations to rural areas.

Agricultural insurance

•The increasing frequency of extreme weather events is causing financial loses on a scale that traditional risk management strategies and social safety nets can no longer cope work.
•Agricultural insurances supplement, but do not replace, comprehensive risk management strategies.
•Insurance products that are suited for agriculture in the context of rural development must be created.

Community-based adaptation to climate change

•Community-based initiatives assess the vulnerability of communities and take measures to strengthen their resilience.
•Farmer’s field schools are training groups of farmers on different adaptation measures in a very practical way.

Agricultural water management

•Climate change influences the spatial and temporal availability of water, which in turn impacts food and fodder production.
•Options in agricultural water management range form increasing the supply to managing the demand site.

Table 3: Broad strategies and options of agriculture sector.